ARCHERY TERMS GLOSSARY

Actionwood: A preferable choice of material used for primary arm which is made using ‘rock maple’.

Aluminium: A popular choice of metal that is used in the making of modern time arrows.

Aim: A focused attempt for directing the arrow towards its goal.

Anchor: A stable spot of the bowstring arm (on jaw/cheek) during the aim. Also known as ‘anchor point’.

AMO Length: The systematic length for gauging the bowstrings. Here, AMO stands for ‘Archery Manufacturers and Merchants Organization’

Archer: Archer is an individual who is well versed in shooting by using a bow and arrow.

Archer’s Paradox: The reaction that is being produced by the bending of an arrow as it departs from the bow.

Archery: The method of shooting the arrows by making use of a bow.

Arm guard: A strap on the bow arm that is used for protection against the impact of the bowstring during release.

Arrow: The projectile shot using a bow. Most typically, it would be a linear, slender rod.

Arrowhead: This is generally a distinctive piece that is sealed to an arrow shaft. This is the hitting end of an arrow.

Arrow Nock: A notch at the edge of an arrow for accepting the bowstring.

Arrow Plate: A piece of shell that is placed on the lateral side of the bow and above the handle where the arrow crosses when it is expelled from the bow. The function of the arrow plate is to get the arrow chaffing during the release.

Arrow Rest: A tool on the arrow shelf that is used for holding the arrow until the release.

Arrow Shaft: A rod from which the arrow is made. This is the arrow before it is cut, feathered and pointed.

Arrow Shelf: This is where the arrow sits and is above the bow’s handle/grip.

Arrowsmith: This term is widely used for denoting the person who makes an arrow although originally, this was used to denote the person who makes arrowheads.

Ascham: A wooden cabinet in which the bows and/or arrows are stored.

Back: The surface of the bow that is facing away from the person who draws the bow.

Backing: A piece of material that is placed at the bow’s back for strengthening the limbs.

Backset: A bow design in which the limbs face away from the archer (backward in reflex position). This would preload the limbs upon bracing.

Ballista: A larger cross-bow of the middle ages that had the capacity to fire larger rocks.

Banana Fletch: A feathering design which has the highest part of the arc at the center. Both the ends will be tapered equally.

Barb: A protuberance on an arrow which makes it difficult to pull back.

Barebow: The process of shooting without any bow sight or release aids.

Barrelled Arrow: An arrow design in which it is heavier at the center and tapered towards both the ends.

Belly: The side of the bowstring which would face the shooter at the time when bow is drawn.

Billet: A short piece attached at the handle for making selfbows. Billets will be split side by side in the same log for getting identical limb performance attributes.

Blunt: An arrow without a sharpened head. This is usually designed for use in small games.

Bob-tailed Arrow: An arrow design in which it is bulkier at the pile margin while it is tapered towards the notch.

Bodkin: An arrow design of the middle ages in which the arrowhead is conical-shaped with 3 to 4 sides. Used for penetrating chain mail armor.

Bolt: An arrow that is released using a crossbow.

Bow: A vehicle which is used to propel the arrow. Most typically, it will be longer. There will be a string for connecting the ends.

Bowhunter: An individual who is hunting by making use of a bow and an arrow.

Bowyer: A person one who involved in crafting, building and making bows.

Bow Sling: A strap attached to the bow/shooter’s hand for preventing the bow from dropping onto the ground while shooting.

Bow Sight: A machine that is adhered to the bow which will be used by the shooter for aiming at the target.

Bow String: A multi-stranded cord that is coiled to the notches of the bow. Used for drawing the bow.

Brace Height: The distance between the cord and intense part of the bow’s handle.

Bracing: The method of threading the bow by having the loops of the bowstring in position in the nocks for shooting purposes.

Broadhead: A large arrowhead with sharper razor-like edges. This is primarily used in bow-hunting.

Brush Button: A piece of rubber that is kept on bowstring where it touches the belly. This would prevent the brush from getting arrested.

Bull’s Eye: The nucleus of the target or the point which has highest score points.

Butt: A pile of earth on which the targets are placed.

Cables: Plastic-covered steel materials fastened to the bowstrings. They serve along with cams during the process of draw and execution of the fire.

Cam: An elliptical-shaped pulley at the end of the limb in a compound bow that is used for providing power.

Cant: To lean the bow to the right/left while drawing the arrow at full force. The direction of tilting will be determined by the top limb’s position.

Carriage Bow: A bow design in which it is connected below the handle in a metal cap for making it easy to transport.

Cast: The maximum distance that a bow can shoot an arrow.

Centerline: A linear line running through the center of the bow’s handle and extending through the middle of the limbs to the limbs’ tips.

Center Serving: A protective covering at the middle of the string that is wound where the arrow is notched.

Centershot Bow: A bow design in which the sight window is cut beyond the centerline of the bow.

Chested Arrow: An arrow design where it is bulkier towards the notch and tapered towards the pile.

Clicker: Equipment which is used for pointing out the optimal draw length of the shooter.

Clout Archery: The practice of archery in which the shooters will aim the arrow towards a clout (a flag) from longer distances.

Cock Feather: The feather which is placed in right angle to notch and is differently-colored than the other two.

Composite Bow: A bow which is made by binding multiple layers of different materials together.

Compound Bow: A modern type bow which is using a set of cords and pulleys for gaining leverage. This type would decrease the holding draw weights.

Compressed Shaft: An arrow shaft that has been squeezed for making it stronger and straighter.

Core: The material that has been used at the nucleus of the bounded bow.

Creeping: To let the arrow to move forward prior to its delivery during which full draw length will not be maintained.

Crest: The design that has been used on an arrow for the identification purposes. Can be band of colors or decoration.

Crester: An equipment that is used for turning the arrow while cresting (applying colors/design).

Crossbow: A weapon of the ancient times that has been produced with steel and set diagonally over the stock. This will be smaller and stronger which will be held and fired like a rifle.

Crossbow Bolt: A projectile that has been shot using a crossbow.

Crown: The notch edge of the arrow where usually the cresting or colors are put.

Dead Shaft: An arrow without any life/spine. This would fly slowly.

Decurve Bow: A bow design wherein the non-stranded tips are bent towards the shooter.

Deflex: A design of the bow in which the limbs are pointing towards the bow’s belly.

Delamination: The process of separating the limbs from a composite bow which has different materials bound together.

Die Cut Feather: The feathers that have been cut to a specific shape by making use of a ‘cutting die’.

Director of Shooting: The personnel who is commanding the shooting tournament. Also called as ‘Field Captain’.

Dished Grip: A hollow grip on the bow for facilitating the recurrent hand placements over the bow.

Draw Check: An appliance that is attached to a compound bow to facilitate the shooter in maintaining a constant draw length.

Drawing: To pull the cord that is fastened to the bow.

Drawing Fingers: The fingers that are employed while dragging a bow. Most typically, the first three fingers of the hand that is drawing.

Draw Length: The distance between the front of riser and the bowstring in the shooter’s fingers while at full draw.

Draw Weight: The amount of force that is applied on the bowstring while drawing a particular distance. Usually, this will be calculated at draw length of 28 inches.

Dry Fire: To release the bowstring at full draw without having an arrow connected to it.

End: A set of arrows that are hit before hitting the goal. Most typically, three, five or six.

Eye: An opening at either ends of the bowstring.

Face: The bow’s side that is closest to the bowstring. Also known as ‘Belly’.

Fadeout: A narrowed piece of wood that would fade out into the limbs from the sight window.

Feather: A feather as a whole or its part being used on the arrow for direction.

Feet per Second: The calculation of the speed of an arrow that is released from the bow.

Finger Pinch: A condition in which the archer’s finger will be pinched against the arrow by bowstring while dragging it back.

Finger Tab: A leather instrument that will be put on the surface of fingers to avoid the burning sensation.

Fistmele: The perfect distance from the handle of the bow to the bowstring when the bow is stretched.

Flatbow: A straight bow that has a flattened, wider limb.

Flemish String: A spirally wound string consisting two distinctive bundles of string. These bundles will be differently-colored which are hand-twisted with one another.

Fletch: Act of pasting or binding feathers to the arrow shaft.

Fletcher: An individual who is involved in making arrows.

Fletching: The feathers/vanes that are utilized for stabilizing an arrow during its flight.

Fletching Clamp: A segment of fletching jig that would fasten the fletching while it is being adhered or pasted to the arrow shaft.

Fletching Jig: An appliance used for holding the arrow shaft in position and locating as well as aligning the fletching application.

Flex: The amount of curve that is provided by the arrow shaft

Flight Arrow: A longer and lighter arrow that has little feathers. This is typically used for distance shooting.

Flight Bow: A stronger bow whose draw weight would surpass hundred pounds. This is specifically designed for flight shooting.

Flight Shooting: Act of shooting to check how far the archer can shoot an arrow. Also called as ‘distance shooting’.

Flinching: To move the bow’s arm or drawing hand just prior to its release.

Flu-Flu Arrow: An arrow design in which it has larger, spiral fletching. This design will increase the pull while decreasing the range of the arrow.

Follow the String: This is when a bow bends in the drawing direction.

Follow-Through: To hold the release position until the target has been hit by the arrow.

Footed Arrow: An arrow design in which it has hardwood interweaved into its pile end for increasing its stability and durability.

Foot Markers: The devices which denote the foot positions of the shooter at the shooting line. This is for ensuring the constant foot position.

Freeze: Incapable to move the vision to the desired spot or incapable to release the arrow.

Glove: Also known as ‘shooting glove’ which is a three-fingered one for protecting the fingers of shooting hand. The material used for making is ‘leather’.

Grain: The standard units of measurement used when weighing the arrow and its parts.

Grip: The central portion of the bow-handle which is clutched by the shooter.

Ground Quiver: A metallic device which will be pressed into the ground for holding bows and arrows.

Handle: The central part of the bow. The limbs of the bow will be attached to it. This is the non-working part of the bow.

Hand Shock: The tremor that is being felt in the drawing hand while releasing an arrow from the bow.

Hanging Arrow: The arrow that is not penetrating the target but droops from its spot.

Heel: The process of applying pressure using the heel of drawing hand on the lower end of the grip while shooting.

Hen Feathers: The feathers on an arrow that are of same color. In a 3-feathered arrow, these are the two feathers projecting inwards when arrow is being nocked.

High Braced: When the distance from the handle to the string of a stretched bow is more than 7 inches.

Hinged Bow: A bow in which a hinge is fixed at the back for facilitating easy transportation.

Hit: An arrow which penetrates itself into one of the scoring regions on the target’s face.

Holding: To maintain the bow and arrow in a constant position during full draw just before the release.

Home: An arrow when it is completely drawn and all set to be shot.

Horse Archer: A shooter who is mounting on a horse.

Idler Wheel: In a single cam bow, idler wheel will substitute the top cam with wheel which would contact the bowstring alone but not the cords.

Index Feather: A feather at right angles to the cut of the notch and is differently-colored than the others.

Insert: A hollow stringed aluminum segment incorporated in the front part of the arrow thereby enabling field points broadheads to get fastened into it.

Instinctive Shooting: To utilize hand-eye conformation for sending an arrow where the shooter is viewing.

Judo Point: A flattened point with spring wires that would grip and have the arrow from tripping.

Kiss Button: A communication point on the bowstring for the shooter’s lips for touching. This is to assure the stability and precision of the anchor point.

Laminated Bow: Although, this is same as ‘composite bow’, this term is particularly used for denoting the bow made from wood and fiberglass.

Lamination: A layer of the laminated bow limb in which fine layers of materials are glued together for making a riser.

Level: A spirit level that is fitted to the bow sight for indication purposes when the bow is held in a vertical position. This will be used in compound bows only.

Let Down: To release the tension after having fully drawn but without having the arrow released.

Limb: The parts of a bow that are stretching from riser till the tips. This is the working section of the bow.

Limb Dampeners: A rubber unit being attached to the bow limb for reducing the vibration felt in the limb after releasing the arrow. This is usually of ‘mushroom’ shape.

Limb Pocket: A suspended slot at the upper and lower ends of the riser perfectly shaped for fitting the ends of the limbs and maintaining the right limb alignment.

Longbow: Any perfectly straight or approximately straight bow in which the bowstring is not touching the limb while it is being braced. Generally, this would be of five feet and longer.

Long Rod: A rod fitted to the bow in order to decrease the intensity of vibrations.

Loop: A U-shaped cord around the nock of the bowstring so that a release aid could be attached while shooting.

Loose: To release the arrow from a bow that is fully drawn. Also known as ‘Release’.

Micarta: A thick fiber infused resin which is being used for reinforcing the limb tips when the bow is making use of a fast flight.

Mass Weight: The real weight of the bow.

Mechanical Blades: Two or more blades on an arrow point for opening an impact on the target. Usually used for hunting purposes.

Mechanical Release: An instrument used for helping the archer to draw the bow and release the arrow.

Minnowing: A rapid crisscross movement of an arrow during transit indicating a poor clearance.

Mongolian Draw: To draw the bow with an archer’s thumb finger. Also known as ‘Mongolian Release’.

Nock: A notch at the hind side of the arrow that enables the arrow to be held at the bowstring while keeping it in position for shooting.

Nocking: The procedure of settling the arrow on bowstrings while preparing for a shoot.

Nocking Point: A point on the bowstring where the archers would constantly nock the arrows.

Nocking Pliers: Pliers being used for installing and/or removing nocks.

Nock Piece: A fine bit of material (wood, horn and so on) pasted alongside in self-nock for the purpose of reinforcing it.

Nock Set: A little brass fitting included to the string for marking the ‘nocking point’. This is to facilitate the nocking on the same place each time.

Overbowed: A condition in which the shooter is making use of a bow that is very powerful.

Overdrawn: A situation during which the bowstring is extremely short for the given bow.

Overspine: An arrow that is too rigid for the bow from which it is being released from.

Overshoot: The act of shooting past the mark.

Pair: In archery, pair would mean ‘three’. Indicates two arrows plus a spare or three feathers.

Parabolic Fletching: A round-shaped fletching at the rear end of the feather towards the notch of an arrow.

Peak Weight: The upper limit of draw weight in a compound bow.

Peep Sight: A metal/plastic/rubber piece with a hollow. Placed in the bowstring that enables the archer to see through the string.

Pile: Old term indicating the front side of an arrow.

Pinching: To squeeze the index and middle fingers as opposed to the notch while drawing in order to deflect an arrow.

Pluck: To pull the string off the face in some other direction during the release.

Plunger: Also known as ‘pressure button’. Equipment used for correcting the arrow’s tension during its release.

Point: The ring-like end of an arrow that sticks at the tip for protecting and balancing the hitting end of the arrow.

Point Blank: A range will be mentioned as ‘point blank’ when an arrow navigates flat to the target.

Point-On: To measure the distance that can be shot by a bow and arrow.

Point of Aim: A technique of pointing an arrow in which it is spotted on an item.

Pressure Point: A spot on the arrow plate opposed to which the arrow would lie and exert pressure during its release.

Puller: A mat made of rubber used for protecting hands as well as for providing grip while the arrows are being pulled.

Quill: The shaft of the feather that is grounded flat for the purpose of fitting on an arrow.

Quiver: A container which would hold the arrows comfortably during the shooting process.

Range: The zone that is being assigned for archery.

Recurve: A bow design in which the limbs would form a curving arc between the riser and the limb tips, and the string when you brace the bow.

Reflexed Bow: A bow which has its ends reflexed as a smooth arc.

Release: To shoot the arrow from the bow at full draw.

Release Aid: A mechanical tool used for pulling the bowstring thereby enabling a better release.

Rest: A tool for holding the arrow against the bow-handle until the release.

Riser: The central part of the bow separating the limbs. This is the part which will not bend when you pull the string.

Round: The number of strikes at the given distances at given targets or target faces.

Roving: A practice of archery in which the shooter would choose a goal in the field.

Run: A condition in which a strand of bowstring would let the string go.

Safety Arrow: An arrow in which the tip is wider or padded. Utilized in reenactments.

Self Arrow: An arrow containing a single piece of wood with an incision into the shaft.

Self Bow: A bow which has been produced from a single piece of wood.

Serving: The wrapped section in the central portion of the string for accepting the nock.

Serving Jig: A tool for holding the serving cord which would help maintaining constant tension while wrapping the thread around the bowstring.

Shaftment: The part of an arrow at which the feathers will be pasted.

Silencer: Layers of material attached to the bowstring for stopping it from vibrating after the arrow release thereby preventing the string noise.

Spine: The rigidity of an arrow shaft in contrast to the flex.

Stabilizer: A set of rods being utilized for providing stability to the bow.

Tackle: A set of equipments being used by the shooter.

Throat: The tapered part of the grip where the thumb and index fingers would hold the grip.

Timber Hitch: A knot being used on the string making a flexible loop for quickly changing the extent of the string.

Tip Overlays: Material bound at the rear end of limb tip for strengthening it and providing extra material for fashioning of the nock.

T-Square: A tool used for measuring brace height and locating the nocking point on the string.

Tune: The act of getting the bow to fire an arrow straightly and quietly.

Underspine: An arrow that is too light for the given bow.

V-Bar: A small extender attached between the riser and stabilizer. Allows the inclusion of two small stabilizers being added as a counter support.

Windlass: A device of the middle ages used for pulling the string back on a crossbow.

Window: The viewing place between the bow’s side and the bowstring at full draw.

Yarn Tassel: A bunch of yarn being used for wiping dirt from the arrow.