Actionwood: A type of wood that is ideal for making high-performance bows. It refers to the combination of strength and elasticity that the wood provides, making it perfect for creating bows that are both strong and flexible.

Aluminium: A popular choice of metal that is used in the making of modern time arrows due to its combination of lightweight, strength, and affordability.

Aim: The act of directing the bow and arrow toward a target with the intention of hitting it.

Anchor Point: The specific spot on the archer's face or body where the bowstring is consistently held when the bow is fully drawn.

AMO Length: Refers to the length of a bow as standardized by the Archery Manufacturers and Merchants Organization (AMO). 

Archer: A person who practices the skill of using a bow to shoot arrows.

Archer's Paradox: A phenomenon that occurs in archery when the arrow does not follow the intended path as it leaves the bow.

Archery: A sport that involves shooting arrows with a bow toward a target. 

Arm guard: A strap on the bow arm designed to protect the inside of the forearm from the string's slap upon release, which can cause pain, bruises, and welts.

Arrows: Projectiles that are used in the sport of archery. They are designed to be shot from a bow and are an essential component for successful and accurate archery.

Arrowhead: The pointed end of an arrow that is used to penetrate its target. The choice of material and design of the arrowhead will depend on the type of archery being performed and the intended purpose of the shot. 

Arrow Nock: A small notch or opening located at the end of the arrow shaft that holds the arrow onto the bowstring and allows the arrow to be fired. 

Arrow Plate: A small component that is typically attached to the bowstring near the bow limb. It provides a secure point of contact for the arrow and holds the arrow in place as it is fired.

Arrow Rest: A device attached to the bow that supports the arrow and helps guide it onto the bowstring as the archer draws the bow. 

Arrow Shaft: The main body of an arrow, typically made of wood, aluminum, carbon, or fiberglass, and is responsible for determining the arrow's overall weight, stiffness, and trajectory.

Arrow Shelf: This is where the arrow sits before being shot and is above the bow's handle/grip.

Arrowsmith: This term is widely used for denoting the person who makes an arrow, although originally, Arrowsmith was used to denote the person who makes arrowheads.

Ascham: A wooden cabinet where the bows and/or arrows are stored. It is a stunning piece of Elizabethan furniture that provides a glimpse into the cultural values and practices of the era in England.

Back: The surface of the bow that is facing away from the person who draws the bow.

Backing: A piece of material that is added to the bow's back for strengthening the limbs.

Backset: The amount the bow handle is set back from a line perpendicular to the bowstring at full draw. 

Ballista: A type of siege engine that was commonly used in ancient times to launch missiles or projectiles at a castle or fortress during a siege.

Banana Fletch: A type of fletching pattern that gets its name from the distinctive curved shape of the vanes. The vanes in a banana fletch are typically curved in a way that creates a banana shape, hence the name.

Barb: The small, projecting parts or hooks located on the back of an arrowhead that keep the arrow from sliding out of the target once it has struck.

Barebow: A type of bow used in traditional archery that is characterized by its simplicity and lack of attachments or accessories. 

Barrelled Arrow: An arrow that has been shot using an incorrect technique, causing it to spin around its long axis as it flies through the air.

Belly: The side of the bow that faces the archer when the bow is held in shooting position. 

Billet: A small, cylindrical piece of wood used as a raw material in the production of arrow shafts in archery.

Blunt: An arrow without a sharpened head. This is usually designed for use in small games.

Bob-tailed Arrow: A type of arrow designed for archery that have a rounded, non-pointed tip. They are used in situations where it is not safe or feasible to use a traditional arrow with a sharp point,

Bodkin: A type of arrowhead used in medieval archery designed specifically for the purpose of penetrating armor and other heavy materials.

Bolt: Bolt arrows, also known as crossbow bolts, are specialized arrows used for hunting or sport with crossbows. 

Bow: A device used to launch arrows with the aim of hitting a target. Archery bows come in different shapes, sizes, and designs, and they can be made from a variety of materials, including wood, carbon fiber, and fiberglass.

Bowhunter: A person who engages in the sport of hunting using a bow and arrow. 

Bowyer: A person who specializes in the design and craftsmanship of traditional bows used for archery

Bow Sling: An accessory that is used to carry a bow on one's back or side, freeing up the archer's hands for other tasks. 

Bow Sight: A device attached to a bow that helps archers aim more accurately. It provides a visual aid for aligning the shot and helps the archer aim at the target more precisely. 

Bow String: A multi-stranded cord coiled to the bow's notches. Used for drawing the bow.

Brace Height: The distance between the bowstring and the bow grip (the handle) when the bow is strung and un-drawn.

Bracing: The proper way in which the bow is held and positioned in preparation for shooting. 

Broadhead: A type of arrowhead used in archery for hunting or tactical purposes. It is designed to provide maximum cutting and penetration power when the arrow strikes its target.

Brush Button: A compact tool used by archers to keep their bowstrings clean and free of debris, ensuring a smooth and consistent release of the arrow.

Bull's Eye: A "bull's eye" in archery refers to the centermost point of the target. It is usually the smallest and the highest-scoring area, with the size, shape, and color depending on the type of archery being performed and the specific rules being followed. 

Butt: A large, padded structure used as a target for practicing and competition. The butt is designed to absorb the impact of arrows, providing a safe and effective surface for archers to shoot at.

Cables: Bowstring cables are essential components of bows, providing the necessary tension and support to the bow limb to store energy and launch arrows effectively. 

Cam: An elliptical-shaped pulley at the end of the limb in a compound bow that is responsible for controlling the bowstring as it is drawn back.

Cant: A technique used by archers to adjust the angle of their bow handle in relation to the bow limb to compensate for their dominant eye or hand orientation.

Carriage Bow: A type of bow that is mounted on a carriage or stand, in order to simulate a hunting or target shooting scenario. 

Cast: The distance that an arrow travels through the air after being released from the bow. It is the maximum distance that a bow can shoot an arrow.

Centerline: An imaginary line that runs down the middle of the bow, perpendicular to the bowstring and bisecting the bow into two equal halves. 

Center Serving: A tightly bound area in the middle of the bowstring that serves as a nocking point for the arrow. It also serves to protect the bowstring from wear and tear caused by the bow's limb tips and the arrow nocks.

Centershot Bow: A type of bow that is designed to allow an arrow to be shot straight down the center of the bow's handle or grip rather than to one side or the other. 

Chested Arrow: A type of arrowhead used in archery that features a broadhead with a concave shape on one side, creating a "chest" or indentation in the center of the arrowhead. 

ClickerA device that is attached to the riser of a bow and helps archers achieve consistent draw length.

Clout Archery: A traditional form of archery that involves shooting arrows at a clout (a flag) located at a considerable distance away. This distance is typically between 100 to 180 yards, depending on the level of competition.

Cock Feather: The feather that is placed at the right angle to the arrow's nock and is differently colored than the other two.

Composite Bow: A bow made by binding multiple layers of different materials together to create a more powerful and durable weapon.

Compound Bow: A modern type of bow that uses a system of pulleys and cables to improve its performance and accuracy.

Compressed Shaft:  Refer to arrows that have been reduced in diameter by applying pressure or heat to the shaft to improve its aerodynamic properties, making it faster and more accurate in flight.

Core: The central portion of an archery bow that runs along the length of the limbs. It is responsible for storing and releasing the energy that propels the arrow toward the target.

Creeping: Refers to the bowstring moving forward from its original position on the bowstring serving during the draw cycle, often just before the arrow is released. 

Crest: Arrow crests are small markings applied to the shafts of arrows to identify them as belonging to a specific archer or team.

Crester: A specialized tool used for marking arrows. The crester is a mechanical device that allows archers to mark arrows with precision and consistency.

Crossbow: A type of ranged weapon that uses a horizontal bow mounted on a stock to shoot projectiles, known as bolts or quarrels. 

Crossbow Bolt: A type of projectile used in crossbows. Unlike arrows used with traditional bows, bolts are shorter and heavier, with a thicker shaft and a flatter head. 

Crown: The notched end of the arrow where it attaches to the bowstring, and the cresting or colors are usually applied.

Dead Shaft: Aarrow that is made from a stiff material and does not flex or bend when shot from a bow. 

Decurve Bow: A bow design used in archery that has limbs that curve away from the archer at the tips.

Deflex: A type of traditional bow that is designed with a forward-curving handle and limbs that curve away from the archer. 

Delamination: The separation of the layers that make up a bow's limb. One of the most obvious signs of delamination is visible cracks or separations in the bow's limb. 

Die Cut Feather: The feathers that have been cut to a specific shape using a 'cutting die.'

Director of Shooting: The personnel with a critical role in ensuring that a competition is conducted fairly and safely. This individual oversees the entire shooting process, from the setup of the range to the final calculation of scores.

Dished Grip: A design feature found on the handle or grip of an archery bow. It refers to a handle that is curved or "dished" inward toward the archer's hand. 

Draw Check: A small handheld device used to measure the amount of force required to draw an archery bow to a specific draw length. 

Drawing: A process that involves pulling the bowstring back while holding the bow in a shooting position. It is a critical technique that transfers energy from the bow to the arrow, propelling it toward the target.

Drawing Fingers: The fingers that are involved in drawing a bow. Refer to the three fingers (index, middle, and ring fingers) that are used to pull the bowstring back to shoot the arrow. 

Draw Length: A fundamental measurement in archery that refers to the distance between the bowstring at full draw and the grip of the bow.

Draw Weight: The amount of force needed to pull the bowstring back to a specific distance, usually measured in pounds (lbs). 

Dry Fire: The act of releasing a bowstring without an arrow in place. It can occur accidentally, for example, if an archer forgets to load an arrow or if a faulty release aid malfunctions, or intentionally, as a result of recklessness or ignorance.

End: A term used in archery to describe a group of arrows shot consecutively before going to the target to score and retrieve them. In most competitions, an end typically consists of three to six arrows shot in succession by each archer. 

Eye: The bowstring eye is a small hole or "eye" located at the tips of the bow limbs of a traditional recurve bow or longbow. It is used to attach the bowstring to the bow.

Face: The bow face refers to the side of the bow that faces away from the archer when the bow is held in shooting position. The bow face is also known as the "back" of the bow.

Fadeout: The fadeout part of the bow in archery refers to the last few inches of the bow limb closest to the bowstring. It is also known as the limb tip or the bow tip.

Feather: Feather fletchings are typically made from the feathers of birds such as turkeys, geese, or ducks and are attached to the back end of the arrow, also known as the arrow's shaft.

Feet per Second: A unit of measurement that is commonly used in archery to describe the speed at which an arrow travels when it is released from the bow.

Finger Pinch: A term used in archery to describe the discomfort or pain archers experience when they release the bowstring, and their fingers come into contact with the arrow nock or the bowstring.

Finger Tab: A protective device that archers use to prevent injury to their fingers while pulling back the bowstring.

Fistmele: A term used in archery to refer to the distance between the bowstring and the bow grip when the bow is unstrung.

Flatbow: A type of bow that has a simple design and a rectangular or nearly rectangular cross-section throughout the length of the bow. 

Flemish String: A traditional bow string made by twisting together several strands of natural fiber material, such as linen, hemp, or cotton. 

Fletch: To fletch an arrow means to attach vanes or feathers to an arrow shaft. The vanes or feathers are typically positioned at a slight angle to the shaft, which helps to produce spin on the arrow as it travels through the air.

Fletcher: A skilled artisan who traditionally crafted arrows for use in hunting or warfare. The word "fletcher" comes from the Old French word "flechier," which means "arrow maker."

Fletching: Small, feathered, or plastic vanes that are attached to the back end of an arrow shaft primarily to provide stability to the arrow during flight.

Fletching Clamp: A segment of fletching jig that would fasten the fletching while it is being adhered to the arrow shaft.

Fletching Jig: A tool designed to hold the arrow shaft steady while the feathers or vanes are attached, ensuring that they are properly aligned and spaced.

Flex: Arrow flex, also known as arrow spine or shaft stiffness, refers to the degree to which an arrow will bend or flex when it is shot from a bow. 

Flight Arrow: A of arrow that is specifically designed for long-distance flight and accuracy. They are commonly used in archery competitions where distance and accuracy are critical factors.

Flight Bow: A specialized type of traditional bow used in archery that is designed specifically for long-range shooting and shooting arrows at aerial targets.

Flight Shooting: A unique discipline in archery that involves shooting arrows as far as possible in a horizontal direction. 

Flinching: A reflexive movement made by the archer at the moment of releasing the arrow. This movement can be subtle or pronounced, and it can negatively affect the accuracy of the shot.

Flu-Flu Arrow: An arrow design with larger, spiral fletching designed to slow down and limit the distance the arrow travels after impact.

Follow the String: A fundamental principle in archery that refers to the way an archer should keep their bow arm steady and follow the direction of the bowstring during the shot.

Follow-Through: To hold the release position until the arrow has hit the target. It is the continuation of the shooting motion after the arrow has been released from the bowstring. 

Footed Arrow: Also known as a "barreled arrow" or "spliced arrow," is a type of arrow used in archery that has a reinforcing piece of wood, known as a footing, attached to the front end of the arrow.

Foot Markers: Physical reference points placed on the ground that an archer uses to maintain a consistent stance during their shots.

Freeze: A temporary inability to move the vision to the desired spot or release the arrow due to mental or physical factors. 

Glove: A specialized piece of gear worn by the archer on the hand that draws back the bowstring designed to protect the archer's fingers from the pressure and friction of the string when pulled back.

Grain: A unit of measurement used to describe the weight of arrows and arrow components.

Grip: The bow grip is the part of the archery bow that the shooter holds onto while shooting. The grip is usually made of wood or synthetic materials and is designed to fit comfortably in the shooter's hand.

Ground Quiver: A type of quiver designed to be placed on the ground, rather than being attached to the archer's body or bow.

Handle: The central part of the bow. The limbs of the bow will be attached to it. This is the non-working part of the bow.

Hand Shock: The tremor felt in the drawing hand while releasing an arrow from the bow.

Hanging Arrow: The arrow that is not penetrating the target but droops from its spot.

Heel: The process of applying pressure using the heel of the drawing hand on the lower end of the grip while shooting.

Hen Feathers: The feathers on an arrow that are of the same color. In a 3-feathered arrow, these are the two feathers projecting inwards when the arrow is being nocked.

High Braced: When the distance from the handle to the string of a stretched bow is more than 7 inches.

Hinged Bow: A bow in which a hinge is fixed at the back for facilitating easy transportation.

Hit: An arrow that penetrates itself into one of the scoring regions on the target's face.

Holding: To maintain the bow and arrow constantly during full draw just before the release.

Home: An arrow when it is completely drawn and all set to be shot.

Horse Archer: A shooter who is mounting on a horse.

Idler Wheel: In a single cam bow, the idler wheel will substitute the top cam with a wheel that would contact the bowstring alone but not the cords.

Index Feather: A feather at right angles to the cut of the notch and is differently colored than the others.

Insert: A hollow stringed aluminum segment incorporated in the front part of the arrow, thereby enabling field points broadheads to get fastened into it.

Instinctive Shooting: To utilize hand-eye conformation for sending an arrow where the shooter is viewing.

Judo Point: A flattened point with spring wires that would grip and keep the arrow from tripping.

Kiss Button: A communication point on the bowstring for the shooter's lips to touch. This is to assure the stability and precision of the anchor point.

Laminated Bow: Although this is the same as a 'composite bow,' this term is particularly used for denoting the bow made from wood and fiberglass.

Lamination: A layer of the laminated bow limb in which fine layers of materials are glued together to make a riser.

Level: A spirit level fitted to the bow sight for indication purposes when the bow is held in a vertical position. A level is used in compound bows only.

Let Down: To release the tension after fully drawing without having the arrow released.

Limb: The parts of a bow that stretch from the riser to the tips. This is the working section of the bow.

Limb Dampeners: A rubber unit is attached to bow limbs to reduce the vibration felt in the limb after releasing the arrow. This is usually of a 'mushroom' shape.

Limb Pocket: A suspended slot at the upper and lower ends of the riser perfectly shaped for fitting the ends of the limbs and maintaining the right limb alignment.

Longbow: Any perfectly straight or approximately straight bow in which the bowstring is not touching the limb while it is being braced. Generally, this would be five feet and longer.

Long Rod: A rod fitted to the bow to decrease vibrations' intensity.

Loop: A U-shaped cord around the nock of the bowstring so that a release aid could be attached while shooting.

Loose: To release the arrow from a bow that is fully drawn. Also known as 'Release.'

Micarta: A thick fiber-infused resin that is used to reinforce the limb tips when the bow uses a fast flight.

Mass Weight: The real weight of the bow.

Mechanical Blades: Two or more blades on an arrow point for opening an impact on the target. Usually used for hunting purposes.

Mechanical Release: An instrument used for helping the archer to draw the bow and release the arrow.

Minnowing: A rapid crisscross movement of an arrow during transit, indicating a poor clearance.

Mongolian Draw: To draw the bow with an archer's thumb finger. Also known as 'Mongolian Release.'

Nock: A notch or groove at the end of an arrow that enables it to fit onto the bowstring while keeping it in position for shooting.

Nocking: The act of placing the arrow on the bowstring in preparation for firing.

Nocking Point: A point on the bowstring where the archers would constantly nock the arrows.

Nocking Pliers: A specialized tool that is used by archers to attach the nock of an arrow onto the bowstring

Nock Piece: A small accessory used to mark the location of the nocking point on the bowstring

Nock Set: A small plastic or metal clip that is crimped onto the bowstring and serves to hold the arrow in place before release.

Overbowed: Refers to using a bow that has a draw weight that is higher than what the archer can comfortably handle.

Overdrawn: The practice of pulling the bowstring back beyond its designated resting point, which means that the arrow is positioned further back on the string than it normally would be when at full draw. 

Overspine: A term used in archery to describe a situation where the arrow shaft is too stiff for the bow's draw weight and the archer's shooting style.

Overshoot: Refers to the arrow traveling beyond the intended target. This can happen due to several factors, such as incorrect aiming, wind gusts, or improper release technique. 

Pair: In archery, pair refers to two arrows that are shot consecutively during a single end or round of competition.

Parabolic Fletching: specific type of fletching that is shaped like a parabola or a curved arc designed to create drag on one side of the arrow, which causes it to spin in flight.

Peak Weight: The maximum amount of force required to pull back the bowstring to its full draw length in archery. 

Peep Sight: A small device that archers attach to the bowstring, providing them with a consistent reference point to aim at when shooting an arrow. 

Pile: Also known as arrowheads or points, are the tips of arrows that are responsible for delivering the force necessary to penetrate the target.

Pinching: The act of gripping the bowstring with your fingers to pull it back and launch an arrow. 

Pluck: An undesired movement of the bowstring upon release, which can result in a deviation from the intended target.

Plunger: Also known as a pressure button or pressure plunger, is a small mechanical device used in archery to help control the flight of the arrow. 

Point: An arrow point, also known as an arrowhead, is the metal or other material attached to the end of an arrow shaft. 

Point Blank: A range will be mentioned as 'point blank' when an arrow navigates flat to the target.

Point-On: To measure the distance that a bow and arrow can shoot.

Point of Aim: A technique of pointing an arrow in which it is spotted on an item.

Pressure Point: A spot on the arrow plate opposed to which the arrow would lie and exert pressure during its release.

Puller: A mat made of rubber used for protecting hands and providing grip while the arrows are being pulled.

Quill: The shaft of the feather that is grounded flat to fit on an arrow.

Quiver: A container that would hold the arrows comfortably during the shooting process.

Range: The zone that is being assigned for archery.

Recurve bow: A bow design in which the limbs would form a curving arc between the riser and the limb tips and the string when you brace the recurve bow.

Reflexed Bow: A bow with its ends reflexed as a smooth arc.

Release: To shoot the arrow from the bow at full draw.

Release Aid: A mechanical tool for pulling the bowstring, enabling a better release.

Rest: A tool for holding the arrow against the bow handle until the release.

Riser: The central part of the bow separates the limbs. This is the part that will not bend when you pull the string.

Round: The number of strikes at targets or target faces at the given distances.

Roving: A practice of archery in which the shooter chooses a goal in the field.

Run: A condition in which a strand of bowstring would let the string go.

Safety Arrow: An arrow in which the tip is wider or padded. Utilized in reenactments.

Self Arrow: An arrow containing a single piece of wood with an incision into the shaft.

Self Bow: A bow that has been produced from a single piece of wood.

Serving: The wrapped section in the central portion of the string for accepting the nock.

Serving Jig: A tool for holding the serving cord which would help maintain constant tension while wrapping the thread around the bowstring.

Shaftment: The part of an arrow at which the feathers will be pasted.

Silencer: Layers of material attached to the bowstring to stop it from vibrating after the arrow release, thereby preventing the string noise.

Spine: The rigidity of an arrow shaft in contrast to the flex.

Stabilizer: A set of rods being utilized for providing stability to the bow.

Tackle: A set of equipment being used by the shooter.

Target Stand: An archery target stand is a sturdy support structure used to hold an archery target, allowing archers to practice shooting at a stationary target.

Throat: The tapered part of the grip where the thumb and index fingers would hold the grip.

Timber Hitch: A knot is used on the string to make a flexible loop for quickly changing the extent of the string.

Tip Overlays: Material bound at the rear end of the limb tip for strengthening it and providing extra material for fashioning the nock.

T-Square: A tool used for measuring brace height and locating the nocking point on the string.

Tune: The act of getting the bow to fire an arrow straightly and quietly.

Underspine: An arrow that is too light for the given bow.

V-Bar: A small extender attached between the riser and stabilizer. Allows the inclusion of two small stabilizers being added as a counter support.

Windlass: A device of the middle ages used for pulling the string back on a crossbow.

Window: The viewing place between the bow's side and the bowstring at full draw.

Yarn Tassel: A bunch of yarn being used for wiping the dirt from the arrow.

Bowhunting: Bowhunting (or bow hunting) is the practice of hunting game animals by archery. Many indigenous peoples have employed the technique as their primary hunting method for thousands of years. It has survived into contemporary use for sport and hunting.

Bow and Arrow: A bow and arrow are two different pieces of archery equipment, yet one is completely useless without the other.

Archery Targets: Anyone who is serious about archery will need to spend significant time practicing. Whether hunting or competing, archers need to hit their targets accurately.

Carbon Arrows: An carbon arrow is a fin-stabilized projectile made of carbon that is launched via a bow and usually consists of a long straight stiff shaft with stabilizers called fletchings. Carbon arrows are weighty (usually sharp and pointed) arrowheads attached to the front end, and a slot at the rear end called the nock for engaging the bowstring.

Traditional Recurve Bow: Perhaps the most ancient written record of the use of recurved bows is found in Psalm 78:57 ("They were turned aside like a deceitful bow" KJV), which most scholars date to the eighth century BC.

Bow Hunting Accessories: Arrows, bows, and sights are common among the more modern varieties. However, all effective variations, including crossbows and wooden bows launching wooden arrows with stone points, are used. In addition, arrowheads are chosen to ensure lethality.

Archery equipment for hunting and fishing: Archery Equipment: Longbows, recurve bows, and compound bows that shoot broadhead arrows at least 18 inches long are legal.

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