Hinged Bow

A hinged bow, also known as a recurve bow, is a type of bow used in archery. It gets its name from the shape of the bow limbs, which curve away from the archer when the bow is unstrung. The limbs of a hinged bow are attached to the riser, or central part of the bow, through a hinge mechanism. When the bowstring is drawn, the limbs pivot inward towards each other, which causes the bowstring to be pulled back towards the archer's face or body.

Parts of a Hinged Bow

A hinged bow consists of several parts, including:

  • Riser: The central part of the bow that connects the limbs.
  • Limbs: The upper and lower parts of the bow that curve away from the archer when unstrung.
  • String: The cord that connects the limbs and is used to launch the arrow.
  • Bowstring nock: The groove at the end of each limb where the string is attached.
  • Arrow rest: A device that holds the arrow in place on the bowstring, providing stability and support for the arrow as it is shot.
  • Sight: A device that helps the archer aim the bow more accurately by providing a reference point for aligning the bow with the target.

History of the Hinged Bow

Hinged bows have been used in archery for centuries and were historically made from materials such as wood, bone, and horn. The earliest examples of hinged bows date back to the ancient Egyptians, who used them for hunting and warfare. In Europe, hinged bows were commonly used by medieval archers and became popular among nobility for hunting and recreation.

Materials Used to Make Hinged Bows

Today, modern hinged bows are typically made from materials such as fiberglass or carbon fiber, which provide greater durability and consistency. These materials can be molded into various shapes and sizes, allowing manufacturers to create hinged bows that are lightweight, strong, and efficient.

Hinged Bow Design

The design of a hinged bow allows for greater energy storage and transfer compared to other types of bows. The curvature of the limbs creates a longer draw length, which increases the power of the shot. The hinge mechanism also helps to reduce hand shock and improve accuracy.

Advantages of Hinged Bows

Hinged bows are popular among archers due to their high performance and versatility. They can be used for a variety of archery styles, including target shooting, hunting, and traditional archery. Additionally, hinged bows are often adjustable, allowing the archer to modify the draw weight and length to suit their individual needs and preferences.

Draw weight and length adjustment

The draw weight and length of a hinged bow can be adjusted by changing the tension of the bowstring. This allows the archer to customize the bow to their strength and shooting style.


Hinged bows are often more portable than other types of bows due to their compact design. This makes them a popular choice for archers who travel or participate in outdoor activities.